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1. Looking beyond the 10-year period, the botanists estimate that some 3,000

native plant species may become extinct in the foreseeable future–more than 10 percent

of the approximately 25,000 species of plants in the United States.

在展望 10 年后的情况时植物学家们估计,在未来可预见到的时间内,3 000 种本地植物––占美国近 25 000 种植物的 10%––将可能灭绝。

2. The annual migrations of wildfowl and many other animals certainly cannot be

regarded as a form of exploration,because such movements are actually only shifts from

one habitat to another for the purpose of avoiding seasonal climatic variations.


3. Proponents of G-M foods argue using biotechnology in the production of food

products has many benefits: it speeds up the process of breeding plants and animals

with desired characteristics can be used to introduce traits that a product wouldn'ttraditionally have can improve the nutritional value of products and can produce cheaperand more environmentally?friendly fertilizers.


4. What makes this debate unique is that every meal we eat is at its very core. And

that fact means one thing: it's an issue to be discussed not only around policy tables,

but dinner tables.


5."Contact us before writing your application"or"Make use of our long experience inpreparing your curriculum vitae or job history" is how it is usually expressed.


6. There is no doubt, however, that it is the increasing number of applicants with

university education at all points in the process of engaging staff that has led to thegreater importance of the curriculum vitae.


7. Other goals of the interview are: to answer questions successfully, obtain any

additional information needed to make a decision, accent your special strengths,

establish a positive relationship, show confidence, and to sell yourself.


8. Based on these goals, place yourself in the role of the interviewer and develop

anticipated questions and answers to three categories: company data, personal data,

and specific job data.


9. Since the interview will center on you, proper self-management process is divided

into four stages: the before stage, the greeting stage, the consultation stage, and the departure stage.


10. The before stage includes writing a confirmation letter, concentrating on

appearance and nonverbal communication, developing your portfolio, anticipating

questions with positive responses, and arriving early.


11. The greeting stage includes greeting everyone courteously, using waiting-room

smarts, using your time wisely, and applying proper protocol when meeting the



12. The consultation stage includes responsiveness and enthusiasm, knowing when

to interject key points, showing sincerity, highlighting your strengths, and listening



13. If the company doesn't respond in two weeks, call back or write a follow-up letter.

You may get turned down. If so, try to find out why as a means of self-improvement.


14. I have sought it, next, because it relieves loneliness–that terrible loneliness in

which one's shivering consciousness looks over the rim of the world into the coldunfathomable lifeless abyss.


15. Non-traditional students, overwhelmingly female, began to study on a part-time

basis, the numbers of women going to graduate school increased, and women sought

entry to the non-traditional position of university faculty member.


16. This decline occurred in both coeducational and women's colleges where womenfaculty declined from 72% in 1940 to 50% in 1955 and dropped to a low of 45% in 1978.

人数的减少普遍存在于男女同校的大学,也存在于女子学校。在女子学校,女教师的比例从 1940 年的 72%减少到 1955 年的 50%,到 1978 年降低到 45%的低点。

17. More than one-third of employers in a new survey say they would probably cut offhealth benefits to their workers if Congress passes a law allowing patients to suemanaged care plans for malpractice.


18. The employers apparently fear the legislation could open the door to the samekinds of suits against them. Companies are already struggling to contain rising healthcosts and deal with workers who complain that managed care blocks their access to care.


19. Although companies have relied on health maintenance organizations and other

types of managed care firms to control costs through most of the 1990s, the Hewitt

survey showed employers have serious concerns about the health plans.

在九十年代的大部分时间里,虽然公司依靠保健机构和其他类型的管理医疗公司来控制花费,Hewitt 调查显示,雇主们很关心保健计划。

20. Whatever you decide to do in the way of part-time and vacation work while you're

at university,make sure that you take the following issues into consideration before

committing yourself。


21. Interface with the Business Development Support Group to assist in developing

strategic communication plans for new business development, working with government

relations and protocol specialist in supporting visits from various External stakeholders.


22. External communications experience in a media, corporate or agency setting,

knowledge of media and communications vehicles and the fundamental principles of

journalism and public relations, successful project management experience, with

excellent communication and interpersonal skills.


23. In many states this year, budget requests by state universities have had to be

scaled back or frozen, while tuition, the share of the cost borne by the students

themselves, has gone up–in some cases faster than the rate of inflation.


24. So it was against this backdrop that members of the National GovernorsAssociation came together in this New England city this past week to discuss issues of

common concern, one being higher education.


25. And the focus of their talks about colleges centered not on how money could be

more effectively directed, but how to get greater productivity out of a system that many

feel has become highly inefficient and resistive to change.


26. As a result, the governors will embark on a three-year study of higher education

systems and how to make state colleges and universities better able to meet thechallenges o a global economy in the 21st century.

结果,州长们将对教育体制进行历时三年的研究,研究的目标是如何使州立大学更好地迎接 21 世纪全球经济领域里的挑战。

27."With tuition rising faster than the rate of inflation and students taking longer and

longer to finish college, one of these days the public is going to

say,"'Enough!'"?Pennsylvania Republican Gov. Tom Ridge said.

共和党宾州州长汤姆&bull 里奇说:随着学费比通货膨胀率上涨得快,学生完成大学学业需要的时间越来越长,有一天公众会说:够了!

28. Ridge and his fellow governors came away from the meetings resolute in thebelief that higher education needs a fresh look and possibly a major boost in productivityto meet demands of new technologies and a changing work force.


29. Several governors noted that establishment of clearer standards, greater

efficiencies in providing services, and more student competency testing might be

needed, in addition to curriculum inspection.


30. Like our political society, the university is under severe attack today and perhaps

for the same reason namely, that we have accomplished much of what we have set out

to do in this generation, that we have done so imperfectly, and while we have been

doing so, we have said a lot of things that simply are not true.?


31. The university should use one-fourth of a student's time in his undergraduate

years and organize it into courses which might be called history, and literature and

philosophy, and anything else appropriate and organize these around primary problems.


32. On the other hand, there could be very serious consequences if this knowledge

were used intentionally to produce superior and subordinate classes, each genetically

prepared to carry out a predetermined mission.


33. After all, the purpose of education is not only to impart knowledge but to teach

students to use the knowledge that they either have or will find, to teach them to ask and

seek answers for important questions.


34. Many people expect this to change fundamentally the nature of television

programming and viewing, from a broadcast medium (dominated by big networks like

Britain's BBC and ITV and the big US networks, showing a mixture of programme types

with something for everyone) to a"narrowcast" medium more like today's magazines andradio.

许多人预期这将根本改变电视节目安排和收视的本质特征,从一种广播媒体(主宰者是像 BBC、ITV 和美国的各大电视网络,涵盖每个人所需要的节目类型)变成小范围播送的媒体,更像今天的杂志和收音机一样。

35. The argument is that, as with gardening magazines today, such a channel

could generate revenue both from subscriptions (since it would be tailored to that target

audience) and from advertising (not just for gardening products, but also for other

products and services such as cruise holidays and financial services aimed at the same

target market)。


36. In the five years I've worked here, we've gone to off-campus parties to write

about underage drinking at our local college, exposed corruption in a local economic

development group, and traced an embezzlers criminal past all the way to Alaska. I've

never seen our paper back down from a story.


37. Recently, when a young boy was shot to death, I had to repeatedly leave the

scene to update my editor from a pay phone, while the reporter from a competing paper

used his cell phone to chat with his office from the doorstep of the victim's house.


38. They lose daily contact with Nature, their idea of Nature is rather vague and

non-experiential, so they think that they are independent of and above Nature, or even

can live without Nature.


39. Thinking in terms of public experiences, we find that joyous experiences are a

means when thinking subjectively, or in terms of ones own sense experiences, we

find that joyous experiences are an end.


40. So we should view joyous experiences and life sustenance in this way: Lifeis a

carrier of senses and values, but not all sorts of senses and values are permitted,

pursuance of forbidden ones will lead to the threat or even discontinuance of life as anindividual and as a whole.


41. Competition, formerly between individual firms, is now mainly between

nations, and is therefore conducted by methods quite different from those formulated by

the classical economists.


42. We may say, therefore, speaking very generally, that men have used the

increased productivity which they owe to science for three chief purposes in succession:

first, to increase the population then, to raise the standard of comfort and, finally, to

provide more energy to war.


43. Web browsers! Interactive software! Theres a lot of new technology talk going

on in public relations these days, and its coming from a variety of sources.


44. The foundations of good public relations remain the same: anticipating and

meeting the needs of clients and the media, and providing informed and useful counsel.


45. The delivery system is part of the message and contributes to the overall image,

so the practitioner should consider how that system affects the client, the product, and

the audiences.


46. In the last presidential election,more than one candidate had problems with their

personal web-pages because webmasters were not kept up to date on changes incampaign strategy and messages.


47. They believe that those regulations, which exclude most poor husband and wife

families from Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) assistance grants,

contribute to the problem of family dissolution.

这些规定将最贫困的夫妻家庭排斥在"救助有受抚养子女的家庭(简称 AFDC)"的救济金补助范围之外,他们认为,这造成了家庭的破裂。

48. The third type is the unhappily married couple, who remain together out of a

sense of economic responsibility for their children, because of the high costs of

separation, or because of the consumption benefits of marriage.


49. Much of the variation in marital stability across income classes can be explained

by the variation in costs of dissolution imposed by society, such as division of property,

and child support.


50. To the extent that welfare is a form of government subsidized AFDC payments,

it reduces the costs of separation and guarantees a minimal standard of living for wife andchildren.


51. So welfare opportunities are a significant determinant of family instability inpoor neighborhoods, but this is not the result of AFDC regulations that exclude most intactfamilies from coverage.



52. Rather, welfare related instability occurs because public assistance lowers boththe benefits of marriage and the costs of its breach by providing a system ofgovernment subsidized payments.


53. The warning signs can be difficult enough to recognize but the problem ofidentifying major depression in teens is further complicated by the fact that even theseambiguous signs are not always present.


54. They are using what we know as signs, to communicate with each other aboutsome situation that is present at that moment: gathering the group, alarm, hunting, mating.


55. Is it possible to imagine something as highly refined and subtle as the cavepaintings of 15,000 years ago without language to enable manipulation and transferenceof ideas?

如果没有语言来构思和传达思想,怎么想像能创作出 15 000 年前如此精美细致的洞穴绘画呢?

56. Possession of language is a defining mark of our humanity, and it has beenfaithfully accompanying us ever since our branch first emerged as a distinct species.


57. In Prague, when Tomas and Tereza brought a new chair or moved a flower pot,Karenin would look on in displeasure. It disturbed his sense of time. Nonetheless, he soonmanaged to reestablish the old order and old rituals in the Zurich flat.


58. In periods of despair, she would remind herself she had to hold on because of him,because he was weaker than she, weaker perhaps even than Dubcek and theirabandoned homeland.


59. When she said that Tomas wasn't there and she didn't know when he'd be back,the woman on the other end of the line started laughing and, without saying good-bye,hung up.


60. It was then that she realized she had lost the last bit of strength she had had athome she was absolutely incapable of tolerating this absolutely insignificant incident.


61. The fact that they loved each other was merely proof that the fault lay not inthemselves, in their behavior or inconstancy of feeling, but rather in their incompatibility hewas strong and she was weak.


62. They were no longer occasional practitioners of art, as the cave painters hadbeen, but full professionals &mdash i.e., men skilled in a specialized occupation,practicing it full-time and probably earning all of their livelihood from it.


63. But even the relatively simple definition of a professional as a person receivingpay for carrying out a specialized occupation on a full-time basis is difficult to apply to thearts.


64. Nearly everywhere and always, music, architecture, and poetry have beenregarded as professions, while pottery making has been regarded as an art and grantedthe dignity of a profession only in some non Western cultures.


65. The attempt to gain for some of the arts the status of learned or quasi-learnedprofessions resulted in a distinction between "the fine arts" and "the applied arts", adistinction that has done harm to both.


66. The gradual breakdown of the attitude that permitted such exclusive categories tobe created and the general rejection of the false distinctions between art and utility areencouraging developments in the arts in recent times.


67. Michelson's work is valuable, as a reflection of the day to day responsibilities ofMesquakie women, yet as is often the case with life passage studies, it presents little ofthe central character's psychological motivation.

迈克逊的著作是有价值的,反映了 Mesquakie 妇女的日常职责,但是,像其他生活过程研究一样,它对主人翁心理动机的描述甚少。

68. For example, in Maria Campbell's account of growing up as a Canadian Metiswho was influenced strongly by the non native American world around her, one learns agreat deal about the life of native American women, but Campbell's individual story, whichis told to us directly, is always the center of her narrative.


69. As anthropologist Ralph Lonton said, "The last thing a fish would ever noticewould be water." So it is with people: except in unusual circumstances, the effects of ourown culture generally remain imperceptible to us.


70. No longer could I count on people to stare only surreptitiously, to take precautionsagainst invisible microbes, or to stand in an orderly way one behind the other on the basisof time of arrival to obtain a service.


71. The aerospace industry is the complex of manufacturing concerns engaged in theproduction of flight vehicles, including unpowered gliders and sailplanes, lighter thanair-craft, ground-effect machines, heavier than air craft of both fixed-wing and rotary-wingvarieties, military missiles, space launch vehicles, and manned or unmanned spacecraftpropulsion systems and other thrusting devices on board equipment essential to thedesign purpose of the flight vehicle and ground-based support equipment needed for theoperation and maintenance of the flight vehicle.


72. Russia, France, and the United Kingdom, as well as the European Space Agency,also have achieved a high degree of aerospace sophistication and have the ability tomanufacture home designed systems including the entire range of aerospace vehicles.


73. In the United States, nonaerospace systems, primarily for state and municipalgovernments, utilities, surface transportation companies, hospitals, and other segmentsof the medical community, represent a significant portion of total sales.


74. Between 1940 and 1980 in the United States, for example, per-acre yields of corntripled, those of wheat and soybeans doubled, and farm output per hour of farm workincreased almost 10 fold as capital was substituted for labour.

例如,美国在 1940~1980 期间玉米的亩产量增加了 2 倍,小麦和大豆增加了 1 倍换算为现金计算,每工时的农业产量增加了近 9 倍。

75. This is an opportunity for some of us to suggest to Hollywood where thatboundary of consumer tolerance is. Especially those of us who have not yet convincedHollywood to cease its descent into ever lower levels of desensitization of our young.


76. Producers like Aaron Sorkin of "The West Wing" planned to keep pushing hard.He was quoted as saying: "There's absolutely no reason why we can't use the language ofadulthood in programs that are about adults."


77. At this moment of crisis in our nations history, thought has become morecontemplative, prayerful, and spiritual. It may be the time to tell the entertainment industrythat we want not a temporary pause in the flow of tastelessness, but a long-term cleanup.


78. Richard Nixon's intense interest in sporting events was well known during his timein the White House, and it went far beyond the ceremonial events, such as throwing outthe first pitch of the season for professional baseball and calling the winning team's lockerroom after the Super Bowl.


79. He repeatedly stunned reporters, athletes, and coaches that met him with hisdetailed knowledge about sporting events, and made a surprise visit to a WashingtonRedskins practice to give the team an inspirational boost after a difficult loss.

他以其对体育竞赛项目的详尽知识,一次又一次地让与他会面的记者、运动员和教练们感到惊奇。他有时出乎意料地来到 Washington Redskin 的训练场,给奋力拼搏但输了球的队员们打打气。

80. In some cases it was quite intentional, such as the effort of the White House staffto arrange a photo opportunity on the front lawn of the executive mansion with race cardriver Mario Andretti, so Nixon could develop some popularity among race fans.


81. Others were less intentional, such as his habit of attending baseball and footballgames and watching the game from the stands with all the other fans, presenting himselfas a man of the people, rather than viewing from a luxury box with the team owner.


82. Unlike his hero Theodore Roosevelt, who helped create the National CollegiateAthletic Association (NCAA) while in office, Nixon repeatedly backed away fromopportunities to use the prestige of his office to have an influence in the world of sport,such as preventing the relocation of the Washington Senators baseball team to the DallasFt. Worth area. He did, however, attempt to use sport as venue to shape cultural values.


83. While the percentage of the world's population living on less than $1 per day hasfallen from 28.3% to 24.0% between 1987 and 1998, population growth (815million) haskept the absolute number of poor steady at some 1.2 billion.

虽然世界上每天靠不到一美元生活的人的比例在 1997~1998 年间从 28.3%下降到24%,人口的增长(8.15 亿)使穷人的绝对数量保持在 12 亿左右。

84. Nor do World Bank projections lend undivided hope for the future. Under the"business as usual" scenario, the number of poor on the $1 per day scale will not changeduring the projection period up to 2008.

世界银行的?数字也没有给未来带来毫无争议的希望。如果现在的经济形势"保持不变",每日靠一美元生活的人的数量到 2008 年在?的时段内将不会改变。

?85. However, should policy measures be taken to boost economic growth and makethe growth process more inclusive to the poor, the World Bank reckons that 500 millionpeople could be brought out of extreme poverty by 2008.

但是,如果制定政策措施促进经济的发展,使经济的增长更多地涵盖到贫困人口,世界银行在2008 年前,帮助5 亿人口可能摆脱极度贫困状态。

86. Indeed, such concerns have been vented with increasing frustration, including atthe Ministerial Conference of the WTO in Seattle last year, and more recently at the jointspring meeting of the IMF and the World Bank.


87. One problem facing governments in poverty?stricken countries, civil society, andinternational organizations is that poverty is a multidimensional problem with no simplesolution – not least because of its sheer scale.


88. The causes and expressions of poverty are not the same everywhere, althoughsome common terms can often be found, including a lack of access to education, basichealth care, and unequal distribution of productive assets (land, livestock, credits, etc.).


89. The existence of both racial and sexual discrimination in employment is welldocumented, and policy makers and responsible employers are particularly sensitive to

the plight of the black female employee on the theory that she is doubly the victim ofdiscrimination.


90. Moreover, State distribution of residence is important because blacks areoverrepresented in the South, where wage rates are typically lower than elsewhere andwhere racial differentials in income are greater.?


91. Recently, there have been some imaginative attempts to make polycrystallineand ribbon silicon which are lower in cost than high-quality single crystals but to date theefficiencies of these apparently lower-cost materials have been unacceptably small.


92. Although many scientists were aware of the very low cost of amorphous solarcells, they felt that they could never be manufactured with the efficiencies necessary tocontribute significantly to the demand for electric power.


93. Already, solar cells with efficiencies well above 6 percent have been developedusing amorphous materials, and further research will doubtlessly find even less costlyamorphous materials with higher efficiencies.

用非结晶体材料研制的太阳能电池的使用功效已经远远超过 6%,未来的研究将找出成本更低的但功效更高的非结晶体材料。

94. This imaginary task gives some idea of the challenge facing biologists in theUnited States and elsewhere as they embark on a monumental project: deciphering all thecoded information in the human genome, all the genes in a human cell.


95. They predict that a complete understanding of the human genetic code wouldprovide untold benefits for humanity, for example, those abilities to diagnose, cure, andeventually prevent many diseases caused by faulty genes.


96. Not only has the Government refused to consult with the people of Australia onthis issue of prohibition of free communication between individuals, they have alsorefused to consult with industry, and ignored all technical evidence and reports on theissues.


97. And not only is it technically impossible to censor current content of the Internet,but the Internet is set to explode exponentially in the indefinite future, with there beingliterally millions of changes and additions to web content on a daily basis.


98. In order to make economic development agreements more attractive to investors,some developing countries have attempted to strengthen the security of such agreements,specifying that the agreements will be governed by "general principles of law recognizedby civilized nations"&mdasha set of legal principles or rules shared by the world's majorlegal systems.


99. Moreover, even in the case of administrative contracts, French law requires thatin the event that the government modifies the terms of the contract on its own side, it mustcompensate the contractor for any increased burden resulting from the government'saction.


100. In both the United States and the United Kingdom, government contracts aregoverned by the ordinary law of contracts, with the result that the government can reservethe power to modify or terminate a contract on its own side only by writing such power intothe contract.




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