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考研英语阅读理解做题技巧2022(考研英语阅读理解套路)

admin2022-04-14 23:20:23考研指南117

词义句义题


  1、返回原文,找出该词汇出现的地方


  2、找逻辑关系:主要有并列(and,too,分号)、转折(but,yet, however,rather than,instead of,unfortunately,in fact)、总分(上下义关系)、修饰(of结构、从句、一个破折号)、因果这几类。


  3、主要是过逻辑关系去判断,如果线索不明显,那么可以找上下文中与之词性一致的词或词组。比如:让猜一个名词词组(动词词组)的意思,我们就向上向下找寻名词词组(动词词组)。


  【技巧】:如果过上述方法做出的答案不确定,那么可以将四个选项带入原文,看哪个在语义上更合逻辑,与上下文更连贯。


  作者情感态度题


  1、题干标志词:attitude选项标志:supportive、favorable、doubtful...


  2、两类解题思路:


  a.寻找文中一些具有感情色彩的词。如:unfortunately,superb,amazing


  b.寻找就此事此人的论述或观点。


  【技巧】:感情态度题的错误选项干扰性不大,有时我们甚至可以不读原文就可以直接把一些选项排除。如以下这四类:


  a.情感态度太过强烈的词:strong, enthusiastic


  b.表达偏见歧视不平等的词: discriminate,prejudiced,biased


  c.表达冷漠不关心的词:indifferent,uninterested,detached


  d.表示迷惑不清的选项:puzzled,unclear


  细节题


  细节题的关键是定位,重要是读懂读透定位处的语言。


  考研阅读定位应遵循三步走战略:


  1、自然段定位法:根据上下两题的位置确定中间题的位置。


  2、题干关键词法。


  3、选项关键词法。


  【正确答案的特征】


  1、正确答案经常与中心思想有关。


  2、正确答案的位置(即命题点):段首段尾处、转折处、特殊标点处、因果处。


  3、正确答案经常运用的原则是:同义替换、正话反说、反话正说。


  【错误答案的特征】


  1、无中生有(未提及的概念)


  2、正反混淆(选项的意思跟原文的意思正好相反)


  3、范围扩大或缩小,程度加重或减轻


  4、因果倒置


  5、过分绝对


  6、偏离中心


  总之,同学们在练习的时候要有意识的应用每类题的解题技巧,并重点总结错题做错的原因。


考研《英语一》小作文范文

Section IV Writing


  Part A (10 points)


  【题干】Directions:


  A foreign friend of yours has recently graduated from college and intends to find a job in China. Write him/her an email to make some suggestions.


  You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.


  Do not sign your own name at the end. Use "Li Ming Open" instead.


  You do not need to write the address.


  【答案】Dear friend,


  Hope this letter finds you well I am glad to hear you intend to find a job in China, so I would like to extend my warmest welcome as well as provide you with a few suggestions on job-hunting.


  First, you can start from listing 3 to 5 cities which you would like to work or live in To be more specific, rate them by location, working opportunities and prospects and, of course the city's happiness level. What's more, be prepared for the culture shock. There is a sharp contrast in how eastern people and western people work. The former prefers working individually while the latter is prone to teamwork. There is one more point that, I suppose I have to touch on: make good use of online job-hunting applications, such as BOSS and 51Job.


  I hope you will find my humble suggestions be of help. I am looking forward to your reply. Best wishes.


  Yours,


  Li Ming


考研《英语一》大作文范文

 Part B (15 points)


  【题干】Directions:


  Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should


  1) describe the drawing briefly,


  2) explain its intended meaning, and then


  3) give your comments.


  You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.




  【答案】What is graphically and explicitly depicted in the simple yet eye-catching drawing is that on the ground stands a father, who is having a talk with his son. Impressively, at second glance, it is not difficult to observe that the boy, dressed in a traditional Chinese costume, expresses his concern about studying drama, while his father offer some words of encouragement.


  Without a doubt, no boy who was born and raised in China could be ignorant that China is an ancient nation with a long history and splendid traditional culture. Traditional dramas, like Peking opera, are the national essence of our culture, which are not only part of the national heritage, but also part of a living and continuing culture. However, traditional culture has been subject to the impact and damage caused by network culture. It is a not uncommon occurrence that quite a few people show too little enthusiasm for traditional dramas. Instead, they are more than willing to follow the popular culture.


  While popular culture is completely transforming people's thoughts and ways of thinking, we are supposed to cherish the roots of national culture and build cultural confidence. Accordingly, it is my view that national culture should be preserved and cherished as priceless spiritual treasure.


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